If you’re in the market for a new manual hoist, it’s important to know what type of hoist will provide your business with the most benefits e.g cost-saving, simple and efficient operation, and simple maintenance. Whether you own factories, construction sites, auto shops, or warehouses, this manual hoist guide will help you pick the right one.
With working load limits (WLL) up to 50 tons, Manual Chain Hoists are widely used in multiple industries for moving heavy objects. Here are their key features and benefits:
A manual hoist turns a strenuous labour-intensive work process into an efficient one to minimize work-related musculoskeletal disorders caused by manual handling and awkward or tiring positions.
The device eliminates the need for a team of workers to lift a heavy load up to 50,000kg down to one person, so your workers can do other activities while one lifts the load. This, in turn, increases productivity meaning you’ll be saving time and money.
As no electricity is required, it is especially advantageous for lifting work in open-air grounds and places where no power supply is available. They are small in size and well-fit in a toolbox for easy carrying, especially Yale Handy Lever Hoist with a length of 24 cm only. These portable tools are great for drifting loads when no overhead crane is available or there is limited access. More examples will be shown in the next chapter.
If the budget plays a big role in deciding what type of hoist to buy, manual chain hoists are one of the more cost-efficient options.
If your business operates at a small venue, a manual chain hoist will be a great choice since it’s portable. Its simple design also makes it easier to repair and maintain. There are no wires or motors to sift through during inspection. If you’re looking for a low-maintenance hoist, you’ve found the one.
There are 2 main types of manual hoists: Lever Hoist and Chain Hoist. They are both simple and portable, and work without electricity. Chain hoists move a load by pulling a chain while lever hoists by cranking the lever/handle forwards and backwards. A lever hoist has the advantage of being able to lift in vertical and horizontal positions whereas a general chain hoist is usually used vertically. A chain hoist usually has a greater capacity of up to 50,000 kg.
The section below is to compare chain hoists and lever hoists in terms of capacity, lifting mechanism and application.
A hand-operated chain hoist is also known as ''chain block'' or ''chain fall''. ''Chain Block'' is an older term and commonly used in the Asian lifting industry. It is a mechanical device used for manually raising or lowering a heavy material, ie.in a vertical position, by pulling down on the chain.
How Does a Chain Hoist Work?
Once a small pulling force is applied to the hand chain, it is transformed over a long distance to make a hand-chain wheel turn a series of cogs, axles, gears, and sprockets. They increase the mechanical work applied when pulling the chain many times, and in turn rotates the second load chain to lift or lower your heavy load.
The whole process transfers a small force over a long distance to a large force over a short distance, explaining why a chain hoist is great for lifting heavy loads when speed is not important.
As a force multiplier, it gives you the ability to lift very large loads up to 50,000 kg (See Yale VSIII Hand Hoist) with ease by using mechanical advantage. Its working load limit (WLL) is greater than a lever hoist's one.
How to Use a Chain Hoist?
Common ways to suspend a hoist is by attaching it to a beam with a beam clamp or to a secure anchor with a shackle. If the load has to be moved from one place to the other, a trolley will be the right suspension choice that can traverse the length of the beam flange it is attached to, carrying the load to the desired place with minimal effort.
After securing the hoist and the load, you can put it to use for your application by pulling the hand chain by hands.
Hand-operated chain hoists are ideal for high vertical loads. You can still operate the pulling chain from the ground even when the hoist is positioned up high. Most hand hoists are used for infrequent maintenance applications where speed is not a requirement. They should not be specified for continuous lifting applications, especially when long lifts are required. Typical uses are to:
Lever (chain) hoists or called come alongs can be used in most positions, including horizontally and vertically, for applications like pulling, dragging, stretching and positioning heavy loads across industries by operating the lever/handle with one hand. The design of a lever hoist is similar to that of a hand chain operated hoist.
How Does a Lever Hoist Work?
Ratchet lever hoists have a ratchet and pawl system fitted with a load chain. A manual action of cranking the handle/lever forwards and backwards allows the system to turn, making the chain pass over it to either bring in the chain or advance the chain out, i.e. to move the load.
Its capacity is generally lower than a hand hoist's capacity, but it can still move a load up to 10,000 kg (See Pull Lift C85).
How to Use a Lever Hoist?
Instead of pulling a chain, this mechanical device has a lever that can be cranked up and down to move an object. By switching the pawl rod lever, you can easily change the operation direction, i.e. to raise/lower the object (See details below).
Unlike hand hoists, lever hoists, especially small devices, can be operated using just one hand. Speed is not a characteristic of the mechanical device.
To suspend a lever chain hoist, the top hook of the hoist can be attached to a shackle, beam clamp, push trolley or other secure supports. To secure a load, the bottom hook can be attached to an object directly if the load has an appropriate fitting or via lifting slings with a shackle. If it is for pulling or tensioning, the top and bottom hooks are usually secured to the objects via lifting slings.
Lever hoists are ideal for machinery alignment, maintenance, repair and installation in many industrial areas thanks to their capability of vertical and horizontal movements. They are heavily used on construction sites, railroads; in the wind energy industry, utilities, lumber yards and mining environments. The compact size is critical while working in the extremely cramped engine compartment in a tight space, or in confined places underneath a car. Some typical applications would be for:
Manual hoists are also broadly used in non-industrial areas. 50% of our manual hoist enquires are from general consumers who intend to use them at home or on the farm. They also comprise a large number of the lever-operated hoists sold. Here are the applications we have come across the most:
Lever Hoist vs Chain Hoist is well covered. Next, let's take a look at the manual hoists our MTN rigging experts handpicked for us!
#1 Yale VSIII Hand Chain Hoist
This Hand Chain Hoist has been designed to prevent canting, or jamming, of the hand chain, ensuring the smooth running of the hand chain, load chain, and drive pinion. You can purchase this hoist knowing your production won’t be halted by malfunctioning of the hand chain. Also, this medium-duty manual chain hoist is perfect for outdoor use as it has the fully enclosed stamped steel housing. If your business operates outdoors, this hoist will meet your needs.
PS: We understand the importance of lifting safety for every business so we provide chain hoist bag (chain container) option to house the slack chain, reducing lifting hazards. You don't need to worry about the chain hoist bag size because we will select the properly fitted one for your order.
PPS: The heavy-duty range from 10,000kg to 50,000kg has lately been added.
#2 Yalelift 360 Hand Chain Hoist
It has a revolutionary design that contains a 360-degree rotating hand chain guide which allows the user to flexibly and safely operate the hoist from all directions or in confined spaces. With this device, operators are no longer within the danger zone as before. It is also very suitable for heavy industrial applications.
Combined with a manual trolley, it provides the horizontal motion of the hoist along a beam/bridge rail, creating even more flexibility in the application of the Yalelift 360.
#3 Coffing Lever Hoist
When it comes to lever hoist, CM's Coffing Lever Hoist with the capacity of 750 kg is the prime example of an economical, user-friendly lever chain hoist. It is manufactured and processed by skilled engineers under strict quality control. All have been tested at 125% of rated capacity and inspected per ASME B30.21. You can ensure a prolonged service life with proper lubrication to this lever hoist.
Coffing Lever Hoist [US market only]
#4 Yale Pull Lift C85 / D85
The D85 Pull Lift is the original ratchet lever hoist, the unit on which Yale was founded. The C/D85 is the ONLY ratchet lever hoist that can be called a Pull Lift.
The C/D85 ratchet lever hoist with roller chain or link chain was designed to lift, lower and pull loads up to 10,000kg. It is designed for heavy-duty work and is suitable for almost any application in maintenance, mining, construction, steel fabrication, shipbuilding, utility work. Based on the feedback we received, if you need to operate a lever hoist in tough conditions, the heavy-duty C85 Pul-Lift is the right one that has also been known to have a working life up to 40+ years if well maintained.
The D85 with link chain is ideal for spotting and securing heavy loads, simplifying the setting of pipes etc. in manholes and trenches.
The C85 with roller chain is ideal for use in the electricity supply industry and overhead line work.
You can find all of our manual chain hoists at MTN SHOP.
While manual chain hoists are effective for lifting and lowering materials across industries, electric hoists in a number of instances should be considered depending on your applications. Here are some situations where you may consider switching to an electric hoist: